LIMA, Peru — During the second and final week of the annual UN framework convention, meeting in Peru this year, representatives from 195 nations continue to discuss action that will be taken to reduce the effects of climate change on world hunger. The ultimate goal of this convention is to reach a plan that will take place in Paris next year and will be effective in the post-2020 world.
Drastic climate change is taking a toll on developing countries, and, according to Huffington Post, if strong action is not executed by developing countries, “by 2050, 50 million more people—equivalent to the population of Spain—will be at risk of going hungry because of climate change.”
Representatives of the Food and Agriculture Organization at the conference echoed points that agro-ecology is an option that will create a sustainable environment and meet the needs of growing demands for food in the future. The three main goals of the FOA continue to be eradicating hunger, food insecurity and malnutrition; eliminating poverty; and the sustainable management and utilization of natural resources.
Marisa Marcavillaca, a leader in the National Indigenous Women’s Organization, emphasizes the need for implementing new policies in climate change with regards to farming families in developing countries. She explains that “extreme changes in the climate affect how much we earn and what food we put on the table for our children. If we don’t have enough money to buy food, we go hungry. Without enough money, we cannot afford to buy our children the supplies they need to attend school.”
The powerful and developed countries at the convention want strong action and emission reduction, while developing countries want adaptation. A climate scientist from Bangladesh who works at the International Institute for Environment and Development in London, Dr. Saleemul Huqs, offers the idea that this adaptation refers to developed countries helping poorest countries, such as Philippines and Bangladesh, adapt to this climate change.
During this weeks’ discussion, participants reflected on the words that were offered by Secretary of State Hillary Clinton in Copenhagen many years ago to pledge $100 billion a year from 2020 from rich countries together to aid the worlds poor countries. Of this $100 billion, $10 billion has come through, which is a mere 10 percent of the promised amount. This astonishingly large offer was not an altruistic act but a corrective action from developed countries to help developing countries fend off their effects of emission and pollution.
Climate change and disease are also strongly linked. A warmer world leads to lack of food and malnutrition. This warmth and drastic change of climate also leads to natural disasters such as extreme flooding, which leads to contaminated waters and ultimately bacterial diseases.
This corrective and preventative discussion to aid a changing world will conclude this week, with a plan to take action against the changing climate and provide developing countries with the aid they require to thrive.
– Erin Coughlin