SEATTLE — With a growing population of nearly 96 million, Vietnam is moving away from its status of a developing country and becoming a modernized nation. Through various development projects in Vietnam, the people of this nation are witnessing progressive developments as it becomes a major force in the global market.
Upgrading Irrigation Systems
Development projects in Vietnam boost its economic ties with foreign nations and improve the lives of its people. One successful development project helps Vietnamese farmers deal with the country’s harsh weather and geography. Upgraded infrastructure like irrigation systems allows farmers to keep their crops from dying.
The irrigation systems and new pumps for Vietnamese farmers are part of the Strengthening Water Management and Irrigation Systems Rehabilitation Project, an effort to manage the rising agricultural demand. Upgraded irrigation systems decrease flooding and damage from severe weather, thus protecting crops and farmers’
income sources. The new irrigation systems also allow farmers to grow crops with higher values, essentially lifting them out of poverty.
Improve Living Conditions with Education
According to the World Bank, development in Vietnam is remarkable – economic and political reforms for the past 30 years have revamped Vietnam into a growing country. The Vietnam Urban Upgrading Project aims to improve living conditions of poor urban citizens; 7.5 million people will benefit from improved sanitation. Progress towards poverty reduction in Vietnam is rising due to education efforts and diversification of jobs.
USAID’s Country Development Cooperation Strategy sets the foundation for planning, budgeting and executing development changes in Vietnam. With the growth of the industrial economy, the need for skilled young people calls for education reform. Training professors, linking education to industrial needs and reaching out to underserved populations such as women and disenfranchised groups have paved way for better living conditions.
Progress Towards Gender Equality
Progress towards gender equality is another of the key development projects in Vietnam, where disparities remain high in rural areas. In 2006, Vietnam passed the Law on Gender Equality and passed the Law on Preventing and Combating Domestic Violence in 2007. While the laws were implemented, some of the laws are not enforced due to irresponsible ministries as well as discriminatory regulations that are still enforced because of patriarchal attitudes.
The United Nations views the substantial progress Vietnam is making towards gender equality through several policies. The U.N. Gender Joint Programming Group coordinates and promotes gender equality with annual meetings to monitor progress in ensuring that women’s issues are addressed for a more progressive Vietnam.
Healthcare and Human Development
Progress towards healthcare in Vietnam is steadily improving the health of people and communities suffering from mild to severe illnesses. The healthcare system is slowly improving the lives of many, yet the danger lies with a shortage of healthcare professionals. HIV/AIDS, mental health, malnutrition and the negative effects of smoking are just some of the common healthcare issues that affect the Vietnamese.
In order to combat health issues in Vietnam, monitoring and integrating community interventions and drugs is necessary, states a research article from the National Center for Biotechnology Information. The government of Vietnam is working to improve its healthcare systems, particularly in rural areas, with the help of the United States.
Vulnerable groups who face discrimination, such as the disabled, the elderly and the poor, need support, and laws are being implemented to provide comprehensive resources for their needs. Victims of HIV/AIDS are being treated with experimental drugs, interventions and therapy. Global Fund, a donor in the fight against HIV/AIDS in Vietnam, provided $119 million for health programs and interventions.
Communicable diseases are successfully being reduced with surveillance, infection control, regulations and pandemic preparedness plans that have been tested and approved. Increasing awareness and meeting health regulations in regard to poultry outbreaks have been successful since 2004.
Renewable energy is another of the current development projects in Vietnam. The Vietnam Renewable Energy Development Strategy is currently in progress, with a focus on promoting long-term goals of solar technologies until 2050. The World Bank noted that Vietnam is promoting and establishing renewable energy for a sustainable environment and healthier generations.
The International Energy Agency hopes to reach its intended targets of various renewable energy technologies. The 2020 target for households using solar heating is 20 percent, and it plans to reduce coal and oil imports by 45 percent by 2050. The purpose of slowly reducing oil and coal is to cut greenhouse emissions for
environmentally friendly energy.
The long-term development projects in Vietnam foreshadow the growth of a country away from poverty and into global leadership. With success and continuing development, the Vietnamese are sure to see personal and national prosperity.
– Jennifer Serrato