Author: The Borgen Project

YAREN, Nauru — Nauru is a tropical, pacific island located northeast of Australia. Nauru is one of the smallest countries in the world at about eight square miles. Its principal source of revenue is the export of phosphate. Unfortunately, Nauru’s phosphate reserves are running dry. Therefore, poverty in Nauru is susceptible to increase. This article will look into some of the causes of poverty in Nauru. On Nauru, the extraction of phosphate is a century-old practice. Phosphate exports are the soul of the economy although the reliance on these exports damages life for its citizens. Nauru’s dependence on phosphate exports…

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SEATTLE — Around the world, there are some 130 million people living in crisis and in need of humanitarian aid often to just meet their basic needs. World Humanitarian Day, held annually on August 19, pays tribute to humanitarian aid workers who risk their lives to help serve those in need and raises awareness for those who are affected by humanitarian crises around the world. The central online campaign of this year’s World Humanitarian Day is the #NotATarget campaign which has gained support through the innovative use of Facebook Live. Campaigners seek to reaffirm that civilians and their homes should never…

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SEATTLE — Around the world, an estimated 35.8 million people are modern slaves. An astounding 26 percent of them are children under the age of 18. Slavery is most prevalent in countries relying on the production of consumer goods using low-cost labor. Many adult males are slaves in order to repay financial debts while young females are sexually exploited or trafficked. Here are some of the countries with the most slaves around the world: India India has the highest number of modern slaves at 14.3 million and is the capital of modern slavery. Indian culture accepts slavery as a result of…

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SOUTH TARAWA — The island nation of Kiribati is surrounded by water, but ironically there are very few sources of clean water available to its inhabitants. The main sources of fresh water, rainwater and shallow unconfined groundwater are very vulnerable to contamination from poor sanitation systems and facilities. This water shortage is intensified by long periods of drought, especially during La Niña, that threaten agriculture and affect people’s health. During these periods, piped water is heavily rationed and waterborne illness rates increase due to the necessity of using groundwater. Until recently, the majority of communities in Kiribati used ground water…

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HAMBURG — In July 2017, leaders of the world’s 20 wealthiest countries met in Hamburg, Germany to discuss pressing issues facing the world. One of these was global education funding, which has fallen dramatically from 10 percent in 2009 to 6.9 percent in 2015 according to the U.N. Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO). In the buildup to this year’s G20 Hamburg summit, campaigners who support educational aid warned G20 leaders of the consequences of not taking action in regards to this issue.  The activists stated that if they did not act to increase funding, it would be near impossible to reach…

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SEATTLE — Recently, Rihanna called on her 74 million Twitter fans and directed their attention toward the upcoming 2017 G20 Hamburg Summit, where pressing global issues, including global education development, will be discussed by leaders of the world’s 20 wealthiest countries. Using her status as an international pop star and the 2017 Harvard Humanitarian of the Year, Rihanna asked fans to demand that leaders focus on this important development issue, linking to the Global Citizen organization’s website where followers could take action by tweeting in support of the growing #FundEducation movement. Rihanna went even further by personally tweeting leaders of…

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SEATTLE — The Lake Chad Basin, forming the intersection of Chad, Cameroon, Niger, and Nigeria, is one of the most vulnerable areas of the world. Since 2009 it has been under intensifying attack from Boko Haram militants, causing an exodus of 1.7 million refugees and the deaths of an estimated 13,000 more, mostly in Northern Nigeria. Across the entire Lake Chad region, an estimated 2.4 million people have been forced to flee their homes, often finding shelter in communities where resources are already scarce. Widespread hunger and malnutrition are the devastating consequences of this trauma, with more than half a…

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KATHMANDU — Leveling years of structural gender inequality is no easy feat for a country merely a decade out from an oppressive civil war and still in turmoil from the devastation of the 2015 earthquake. The Maoist government’s rhetoric surrounding normalizing equal gender relations is intoxicating at times, filled with lofty pledges to end discrimination towards women by 2030. Harsh cultural realities that feed gender inequity in Nepal are still brushed off as unchangeable. One such cultural institution is the practice of Chaupadi, the restriction of women during their menstruation cycles. Chaupadi is a widely accepted practice in many areas…

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