JUBA — The current Civil War in South Sudan has displaced more than 2 million people internally and 2 million more have become refugees — mainly in Ethiopia, Sudan and Uganda. The situation in these asylum camps is difficult since basic needs as water, food and shelter are scarce. Despite this, diverse organizations and institutions have brought humanitarian aid to South Sudan refugees and internally displaced people (IDPs). In some areas, aid assistance has been a totally success — The Borgen Project highlights the most remarkable accomplishments in South Sudan, the newest country in the world.
Education and Infrastructure
The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees’ (UNHCR) work in South Sudan has been constant since 2013, when the conflict in the East-Central African country started. The organization reached several of its goals in terms of health care and infrastructure, with education and coverage of basic needs being the most successful items.
For instance, last year 41,000 South Sudanese children enrolled in primary school. In addition, 272,000 IDPs were assisted with relief items and emergency shelters. Another UNHCR remarkable success is the new Pamir refugee camp, which has a capacity of 20,000 people and is able to accommodate new arrivals and relocate refugees.
In addition, this February the UNHCR installed a 13 km water pipeline to Kalobeyei Settlement. This project will ensure clean water to over 22,000 refugees in this asylum camp. It’s expected that the pipeline stimulates economic growth and self-reliance of refugees through agriculture. The Kalobeyei Settlement is located in Kenya, but when the conflict in South Sudan broke out in 2013, the UNHCR requested additional land for the expansion of camp. In 2015, the settlement hosted 183,000 refugees. This humanitarian aid to South Sudan will principally help children and women — the most affected social sectors of the violence.
Almost 6 million people in South Sudan face high levels of food insecurity. Thanks to humanitarian assistance, the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) has reduced the number of people in crisis. By February of this year, South Sudan had been declared with a severe famine crisis; this was contained almost immediately.
In order to ensure food security to South Sudanese refugees, the UHCR and FAO have distributed seeds and agricultural tools to 2000,000 asylum seekers and their communities. With this project, international organizations will provide self-sufficiency — when a person does not need any economic aid or assistance — to combat food crisis.
However, 45,000 South Sudanese still experience famine conditions — a problem that has brought concern to numerous organizations, including Action Against Hunger whose efforts have been significant in the South Sudanese territory. Action Against Hunger workers have given nutritional support to over 75,000 people in the country, and they’ve helped 117,936 individuals gain economic self-sufficiency.
The life conditions in refugees camps and inside South Sudan are difficult; however, various projects implemented in emergency zones have vastly improved the situation. Humanitarian aid to South Sudan is successful, thanks to the continued efforts of several organizations.
– Dario Ledesma