Investing in Education Essential in Developing Countries

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SEATTLE — Children around the globe do not have access to basic education and the countries with the highest rates of out-of-school children are also among the poorest in the world. Education gives people the necessary skills they need to climb the ladder out of poverty and into prosperity. Investing in education is essential in developing countries, reducing poverty rates and producing significant developmental benefits.

Improved Health

Recent studies suggest that the effect education has on health is as great as the effect income has. Education improves personal, family, and community well-being by promoting and sustaining healthy lifestyle choices in developing countries. People are better prepared to prevent disease and use health services effectively with a proper education. Educated mothers are 50 percent more likely to vaccinate their children.

According to the Center for Global Development, young people who complete primary school are less likely to contract HIV than those with little or no schooling.

High wages and Economic Growth

Better education is essential in developing countries because it plays a fundamental role in economic growth. When years of schooling are increased, economies grow at a higher annual rate. With each additional year of school many people earn wages 10 percent higher, contributing to the country’s economic growth.

Politics and Democracy

The fundamental right to an education supports the growth of civil society, democracy and political stability, yet millions of children are still denied the right to an education. Quality education allows people to learn about their rights and acquire the skills and knowledge they need to exercise them. More nations are looking to build democratic institutions and promote active civil engagement and responsibility as key features of their development strategies.

Capable Women

Girls in developing countries face multiple barriers to education. Educated women are more capable of providing health care to themselves and their children. Additionally, women make up the majority of farmers in the developing world. Developing countries that focus on greater female education increases effective farming and declines malnutrition rates.

The good news is a ripple effect of benefits passed down from generation to generation creates healthier and more adept communities.

Promotes Stability in Times of Conflict

Education promotes stability during times of crisis. Children across the globe are forced out of school when conflict or political turmoil arises, leading to high dropout rates and lower completion rates. The stability of education provides a sense of normalcy to children during times of conflict.

Access to basic education increased thanks to the response from global communities, raising completion rates and improving the quality of education. Many poor countries have taken steps to make education a priority but still require foreign aid and support. Efforts to bring the poorest and hardest-to-reach children into education is essential in developing countries.

Jennifer Mcallister
Photo: Flickr

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