PORT VILA — Situated between Australia and Fiji, Vanuatu is a magnificent 80-island archipelago with a rich history and culture. The most common diseases in Vanuatu could potentially pose many difficulties for its community.
The following data offers statistics about the country itself and its relative position to others. For example, although its mortality rate ranks higher than the specific counterparts mentioned earlier, it still falls below Kiribati, Solomon Islands and Papua New Guinea.
The life expectancy reached 72 years and the annual rate of death averages at 1,457 per 100,000 people.
Cardiovascular diseases rank the highest out of deadly non-communicable diseases among the people of Vanuatu. The greatest fatal cardiovascular diseases for Vanuatu ranked as ischemic heart disease and stroke. The rate of death for both of them rose compared to 1990.
Though non-communicable diseases make up the bulk of the deadly and common diseases in Vanuatu, diarrhea, lower respiratory and other common infectious diseases ranked among the highest in mortality for communicable, maternal, neonatal and nutritional disease.
Lower respiratory infections and diarrheal diseases took the spots as most fatal for this specific subcategory. However, they, along with meningitis, all fell in fatality rates compared to 1990.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention names recommended vaccinations on its page for those traveling into the country. These include vaccinations against malaria, typhoid and Hepatitis A for the bulk of those traveling.
Although it may seem difficult to address these diseases all at once, personal decisions combined with policy on the part of the United States and other world powers can be fundamental in introducing healthier lifestyles.
Dietary risk ranked as the fatal risk factor for Vanuatu. Some of the highest dietary risks associated with mortality included those low in fruits, whole grains and vegetables—with mortality rates related to each of these dietary choices increasing since 1990. It also ranked as the most deadly behavioral risk, with tobacco smoke and low physical activity the following suit.
By individuals making lifestyle changes in these specific areas, they can potentially introduce lower mortality rates for the nation. Furthermore, noncommunicable diseases, as well as communicable diseases, can be fought through the protection of the International Affairs Budget, Reach Every Mother and Child Act and Global Health Innovation Act.
By showing support for funding and protection of certain legislation, constituents can guarantee that common diseases in Vanuatu and other nations are properly addressed.
– Maleeha Syed