SEATTLE — Guinea-Bissau is a poor country on West Africa’s Atlantic coast. Though the unemployment rate as of 2017 is 7.6 percent, roughly 67 percent of the population lives below the poverty line. Guinea-Bissau is one of the world’s least developed countries and depends mainly on agriculture.
Guinea-Bissau has been the recipient of many developmental projects from different international institutions, including the World Bank and the African Development Bank. Development projects in Guinea-Bissau aim to increase and strengthen agriculture and infrastructure in rural areas. These five development projects in Guinea-Bissau have been introduced in an effort to better the economy and decrease poverty.
Promotion of Social Biofuels in Guinea-Bissau
In April 2010, the Biomass Energy Initiative for Africa was introduced to Guinea-Bissau. The goal of this project is for Guinea-Bissau to use biofuels in rural areas to stimulate the economy on a local level and decrease poverty. This project does not have a closing date.
Rural Community-Driven Development Project
This project was first introduced in 2009 and is still in effect, with more funding being added in 2014 and 2016. The goal of the project is to increase access to basic social and economic infrastructure in rural areas. Approximately 85 percent of the communities in the Cacheu and Biombo regions have benefitted and will continue to benefit from this project. It is set to close in 2019.
Private Sector Rehabilitation and Agribusiness Project
This project was introduced in 2014 and aims to support the development of the cashew agribusiness sector of Guinea-Bissau. Cashews are one of the main exports in the country. The project has also increased the supply of rice production and created more job opportunities, specifically for youths.
Guinea-Bissau Public Sector Strengthening Project
This project was introduced in 2015 and is set to close at the end of this year. The goal of the project is to support the government of Guinea-Bissau’s efforts to establish public financial management. This will create a foundation and increase transparency in the management of public resources, which will create a stable, prosperous economy.
Emergency Water and Electricity Rehabilitation Project
Originally introduced in 2010, the Emergency Water and Electricity Rehabilitation Project received additional funding in 2017 from the World Bank and does not yet have a closing date. The project’s goal is to increase access in Bissau, the capital of Guinea-Bissau, to safe water as well as improve the reliability of water services and electricity supply to the city. This will improve the Electricity and Water Utility of Guinea-Bissau.
The overall aim of these development projects in Guinea-Bissau is to help stabilize the economy by decreasing poverty. Many of these projects will create new job opportunities by helping establish and grow a stable agriculture system.
Guinea-Bissau still has a long way to go to be considered a developed country but these development projects have created a solid foundation for the country to build on. Due to these development projects in Guinea-Bissau, the Bissau-Guineans have room to grow and strengthen their country.
– Courtney Wallace